Egyptian population is concentrated along the narrow Nile valley and delta. Approximately 99% of the population lives on 5.5% of the total land area. Moreover, about half of the residents live in urban areas.
Cairo is the governorate with the largest reported population growth percentage (10.7%); followed by Giza (8.64%) and Sharqiya (7.36%).
Southern Sinai, the New Valley and the Red Sea are the governorates with the lowest population increase rates.